Rats and mice can cause significant property damage. Rodents chew or gnaw on building insulation, siding, wallboard and wires. For example Rodents contaminate our food stored in our cupboard or pantry. These contaminated food causes many diseases. Some of the diseases caused either by their dropping include the following diseases. Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS), Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome, Leptospirosis, Lymphocytic Chorio-meningitis, Omsk, Hemorrhagic Fever, Salmonellosis, Tularemia, Rat-Bite Fever. Take precautions before and during clean up of rodent-infested areas. Before cleaning, trap the rodents and seal up any entryways to ensure that no rodents can get in. Continue trapping for a week. If no rodents are captured, the active infestation has been eliminated. Enough time has passed so that any infectious virus in the rodent’s urine/droppings or nesting material is no longer infectious.
Rats and mice poison
In this case early symptoms of the disease caused by Hantavirus are chills, muscle aches and fever. Symptoms can quickly worsen. Dry cough, headache, shortness of breath, nausea and vomiting and general malaise are symptoms. Treatments may include: breathing tube or machine, oxygen, medication (ribavin) to treat kidney-related problems and reduce the risk of death.
Leptospira bacteria cause Leptospirosis disease. This bacteria infects both humans and a wide range of animals. It is more common in temperate and tropical areas of the world. Some people infected with leptospirosis will have no symptoms at all. While Some people will become severely ill. Wild and domestic animals, such as cattle, pigs, dogs, raccoons, and rodents, carry the Leptospira bacteria and pass them in their urine. Soil or water contaminated with infected urine are the most common causes of human infection.
Plague is a serious infection of humans caused by a germ called Yersinia pestis. Disease of this type is caused by the bite of a flea that has fed on an infected wild animal, such as a rat, chipmunk or prairie dog. It usually causes large sores and abscesses in the glands of the arms and legs. Dogs, and especially cats, can also become infected and can spread the disease to their human companions. Wild animals in Washington state do not carry plague germs, but people and domestic animals like dogs and cats could be bitten by infected fleas while traveling to other areas of the country. Plague is treatable with antibiotics.
It should be noted that Tularemia is a bacterial disease caused by Francisella tularensis . Undoubtedly t is most commonly found in wild animals. People can become ill from tularemia by coming into contact with infected dead or ill animals. It may cause through animal bites and exposure to contaminated blood or raw meat. Tularemia can also be transmitted by the bite of an infected arthropod (e.g. ticks, biting flies), exposure to contaminated water or soil, and inhalation of bacteria. One to 10 cases of tularemia in people are reported every year. To prevent exposures to tularemia, don’t handle dead or ill animals. Similarly avoid animal bites, tick and deer fly bites. Avoid direct bare-hand contact with blood and raw meat from wild animals. Don’t drink untreated water in areas where tularemia is known to occur in wild animals
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