Centipedes and Millipedes Removal
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Centipedes are arthropods (invertebrate) belong to the class chilopod. Centipedes are fast moving venomous arthropods. Their bodies are segmented, congaing one pair of legs per each segment. While the word centipedes mean 100 leger, it doesn’t necessarily have 100 legs. Adult centipede may have from 15 to 171 legs, depending on how many segments they have. Usually, centipedes are brownish. They are flattened, with many different body segments. House centipede is usually 2 inches long and yellow to deep brown color. The head of centipedes have one pair of antennae. The most anterior segment has one pair of claws containing venom. The venomous claw is used for defense and to subdue it prey.
What attract centipede in to your house
Any crack or crevice in the foundation of your house provide entry point to centipede. Damp debris like mulch or soil attract house centipedes. A pile of compost, fire wood or any other debris around the foundation provide shelter to centipede. They may gain access inside whenever outside condition is not favorable.
Centipede is alarm for other Pests
Presence of other pests may have attracted centipedes to your house. Centipede prey on other insects like cockroaches, moth and termite etc. Presence of a few centipedes may be just a coincidence but their abundance is an indicator of other pest. We will suggest to call an exterminator to treat your house for a variety of pests If you notice large number of centipedes.
Do centipede bite?
Centipede bite by puncturing skin with clawed, pointy legs located on their first body segment. Usually, centipede may bite if they’re picked up or handled roughly. In fact, they may also bite if you accidentally step on one. Furthermore, all centipedes have the ability to bite, although some smaller species are not strong enough to puncture human skin.
Centipede bites can be very painful to people. The larger the centipede, the more painful their bite may be. All centipedes use venom to kill their prey. Centipede bites rarely cause health complications in humans, and aren’t typically dangerous or fatal.
However, some centipedes have venom which produces a variety of toxins, including chemicals such as histamine, serotonin, and cardio-depressant toxin-S. While it’s rare for centipede bites to have systemic effects, it’s important to know that these toxins can cause potentially serious allergic reactions in people with allergies to bee and wasp stings, as well as significant cardiovascular neurologic effects.
Difference between Millipedes and Centipedes
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Millipedes are also arthropod but unlike centipedes they belong to the class Diplopodia. Millipedes have elongated segmented body with two pair of legs on each segment. The word millipede means thousand leger but none of them have thousand legs. Although both centipedes and millipedes are arthropod, they are quite different than each other. Centipedes are carnivorous while millipedes eat decomposing plant material. Millipedes have from 80 to 400 legs. They are about 1 to 2 inches long and brown or black in color.
Why you have millipedes in your house
Millipedes are found outdoors in areas of high moisture and decaying organic matter. For example, under trash, grass clippings, mulch, rotting firewood, leaf litter, etc. Out door they feed on decaying plant material. Millipedes live outdoors or in damp locations such as greenhouses and hide during the day under leaves. They are most active at night when the humidity is higher or when dew is present.
Millipedes are drawn inside during extreme hot weather or excessive rain. Once inside they prefer moving to dark and damp places like basement and crawl spaces.
Millipedes invade homes during extremely dry or extremely wet seasons of the year. Once inside they usually die within a few days of entering a structure unless there is a source of high moisture and a food supply.
Controlling moisture is the best solution to reduce their numbers. Removing decaying organic matter around the foundation help in millipede control. Insecticide spray should be applied around the foundation, cracks and crevices. Sweeping or vacuuming up the invaders and discarding them is the most practical option. Sealing and caulking broken window screen will also prevent their entry. Mirak pest control can help you eliminating indoor pests including millipedes.
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